Information in English

Certificate Dutch as a Foreign Language

What and for whom?

The CNaVT certifies language proficiency of Dutch as a foreign language worldwide, using task based and domain specific exams related to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). The CNaVT is a project commissioned by the Dutch Language Union and the exams are developed by the Centre for Language and Education at the University of Leuven (BE) and the Radboud University (NL). The CNaVT exams are organized all around the world for (young) adults who want to prove their language proficiency in Dutch with an internationally recognized certificate.

Why and which exam to take?

People learn Dutch for a variety of reasons. For example to study, live or work in a Dutch-speaking environment. For this reason the CNaVT develops five exams every year. The exams serve different purposes and are related to different levels of language proficiency in the CEFR. By passing an exam candidates prove that they mastered enough Dutch to be able to speak, have conversations, listen, read and write in certain contexts. To decide which exam is most suitable, candidates should compare the description of the exams and of the CEFR levels with their needs.

  • Maatschappelijk Informeel (INFO) – A2

For those who want to demonstrate they can manage in informal everyday situations.

  • Maatschappelijk Formeel (FORM) – B1

For those who want to demonstrate they can manage independently in more formal contexts in the Dutch or Flemish society.

  • Zakelijk Professioneel (PROF) – B2

For those who need Dutch in an occupational context, more specifically in healthcare and administration.

  • Educatief Startbekwaam (STRT) – B2

For those who would like to start a study at a Flemish or Dutch institution of higher education.

  • Educatief Professioneel (EDUP) – C1

For those who want to demonstrate they can manage in education or business and therefore need Dutch language skills on a high level.

Where, when and how?

Candidates can take the CNaVT exams in the first half of May of every year. An examiner (usually the teacher of Dutch) in one’s own country facilitates this. Candidates must register via the examiner who sends the registration forms to the CNaVT secretary until the 15th of March. If the candidate is learning Dutch through home study, registration can best take place through an examination partner. You can find our examination partners on the website. For more information about prices and exact exam dates candidates should contact the examination partner of their choice.

What is the exam like?

The paper-based exam consists of three parts. In part A the candidate has to listen and write. In part B reading and writing proficiency are tested. Part C is the oral part of the exam. Part A and B are tested in a classroom setting, while in part C the examiner and the candidate have a one-to-one conversation.

How to prepare?

On our website you can find sample exams to practice with. Furthermore, the teacher can help the candidate prepare by using tasks from the exam bank. The digital exam bankbank is only accessible to teachers and can be found on the website.

How are the exams marked and when are the results announced?

All the exams are sent to Leuven where they are marked in June. In July the examiners and candidates are informed of the results. Candidates who have passed receive a certificate.


The exam Educatief Startbekwaam (STRT) is awarded with the ALTE Q-mark. This quality indicator shows that the exam passed a rigorous audit and meets all quality standards of ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe). ALTE is a collaboration between institutions that produce examinations of European languages (like Cambridge Assessment, Goethe-Institut and Alliance Française). The CNaVT has been a member of ALTE since 1996 and exchanges expertise with members in other countries and other language areas.